Communication has been dealt with in the context of simple means of communication such as telephone and telegraph from the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, when it came into use as a concept and defined as the exchange of messages between individuals through these means.This simple definition, which has been made since the past, has been the basis for the fact that the point of view of communication phenomenon is equally simple. It has been observed that the first views about what communication is and how it works are mostly based on either face-to-face communication between individuals or communication sciences performed by means of interpersonal communication such as telephone and telegraph.Over time, it was understood that communication did not proceed smoothly, and it was found that various dynamics passed through more complicated paths than believed by the elements and factors. Many definitions have been put forward by researchers and scientists.Charles H. Cooley, for example, describes communication as "a mechanism in which human relations exist and develop” and draws attention to interaction between people.According to Taymaz, "communication is an exchange of knowledge, meaning, emotion, and thought among social sciences”. As it is understood from the definitions, all kinds of exchanges between the units of the society can be ensured through communication. A communication process that cannot be established or misconducts between the two units impedes the flow of information, meaning, emotion, and thought. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Michael Stuhre. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/177505/bk_acx0_177505_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This audiobook includes three book on communication:Communication in Marriage: Communication Miracle for CouplesEffective Communication Skills for WorkCommunication Journal for KidsCommunication in Marriage: It is a complex, constantly changing system of relationships in which two people have to solve problems they have never met before. In this system, besides the spouse, relatives and children create new areas of communication with new responsibilities. Of course, conflicts, anger, and problems can be experienced in this newly established system. One of the main reasons for marital problems is the lack of communication. Overcoming marital problems is possible by using the right communication methods.Communication has been dealt with in the context of simple means of communication such as telephone and telegraph from the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, when it came into use as a concept and defined as the exchange of messages between individuals through these means. It has been observed that the first views about what communication is and how it works are mostly based on either face-to-face communication between individuals or communication sciences performed by means of interpersonal communication such as telephone and telegraph.Over time, it was understood that communication did not proceed smoothly, and it was found that various dynamics passed through more complicated paths than believed by the elements and factors. Many definitions have been put forward by researchers and scientists.Charles H. Cooley, for example, describes communication as "mekanizma" or "a mechanism in which human relations exist and develop” and draws attention to interaction between people.According to Taymaz, communication; an exchange of knowledge, meaning, emotion and thought among social sciences”. As it is understood from the definitions, all kinds of exc 1. Language: English. Narrator: Michael Stuhre. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/177531/bk_acx0_177531_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Establishing a solid competitive edge of any organization requires not only individual training of employees, but their constant and continuous development within any group or organization through formation, exchange and application of knowledge and skills. Establishing an HR development system that may successfully implement that idea seems a big challenge, but the system activity assessment is a greater one. Based on the results of the PH.D. research, this monograph examines the HRD system activity through the perspective of the structural- functional approach. Development and integration of structural-functional interactions within any organization (primarily, through realization of relevant training interventions) will make the system structurally mature and enable to implement its educational elements. In this case the HR development's function becomes the most crucial for the organizational development, which makes it possible to speak of effectiveness of the HRD system. The present research may be of immediate interest to students, scholars and practitioners majoring in HR Management and HR Development.
International Exchange in the Early Modern Book World presents new research on several aspects of the movement and exchange of books between countries, languages and confessions. It considers elements of the international book trade, the circulation and collection of texts, the practice of translation and the diffusion and exchange of technical and cultural knowledge. Commercial and logistical aspects of the early modern book trade are considered, as are the relationships between local markets and the internationally-minded firms which sought to meet their expectations. The barriers to the movement of books across borders - political, linguistic, confessional, cultural - are explored, as are the means by which these barriers were surmounted.
Natural language is one of the most important means of human communication. It enables us to express our will, to exchange thoughts and to document our knowledge in written sources. Owing to its substantial role in many facets of human life, technology for automatically analyzing and processing natural language has recently become increasingly important. In fact, natural language processing tools have paved the way for entirely new business opportunities.The goal of this book is to facilitate the automatic analysis of natural language in process models and to employ this analysis for assisting process model stakeholders. Therefore, a technique is defined that automatically recognizes and annotates process model element labels. In addition, this technique is leveraged to support organizations in effectively utilizing their process models in various ways.The book is organized into seven chapters. It starts with an overview of business process management and linguistics and continues with conceptual contributions on parsing and annotating process model elements, with the detection and correction of process model guideline violations, with the generation of natural language from process models and finally ends with the derivation of service candidates from process models.
With the increasing customer competence, the role of customers is changing from pure passive adopters of consuming products or services to coequal partners in the process of adding value as co-designers. Therefore, one important approach that has emerged in the last decades on "how to innovate" more successfully is to integrate customers earlier and more deeply into the innovation processes.Recent studies conducted in the domains of CRM and knowledge management (KM) have proposed and proved that these two approaches can have great synergies, which lead to customer knowledge management (CKM) as an integrated management approach and competence that can exploit and use customer knowledge (CK) systematically and dynamically to enhance the business performance.This study confirms this idea by conceptualizing the term of CKM and identifying key elements of customer knowledge management competence (CKMC). Furthermore, this study develops a CKM-embedded innovation marketing framework as well as a theoretical model based on Structure Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis with empirical data to explore how CKMC impacts on new product advantage, Intensity of customer interaction, customer relationship quality and knowledge exchange quality in customer-integrated innovation, in order to manifest CKM-embedded innovation marketing is a success driver for product innovation.
Low-lying Pacific island nations are experiencing the frontline of sea-level rises and climate change and are responding creatively and making-sense in their own vernacular terms. Pacific Climate Cultures aims to bring Oceanic philosophies to the frontline of social science theorization. It explores the home-grown ways that 'climate change' becomes absorbed into the combined effects of globalization and into a living nexus of relations amongst human and non-humans, spirits and elements. Contributors to this edited volume explore diverse examples of living climate change-from floods and cyclones, through song and navigation, to new forms of art, community initiatives and cultural appropriations-and demonstrate their international relevance in understanding climate change. A Prelude by His Highness Tui Atua Efi and Afterword by Anne Salmond frame an Introduction by Tony Crook & Peter Rudiak-Gould and nine chapters by contributors including John Connell, Elfriede Hermann & Wolfgang Kempf and Cecilie Rubow. Endorsement from Professor Margaret Jolly, Australian National University: This exciting volume offers innovative insights on climate cultures across Oceania. It critically interrogates Western environmental sciences which fail to fully appreciate Oceanic knowledges and practices. It reveals how climate science can be both 'a weapon of the weak' and 'an act of symbolic violence of the powerful'. A compelling series of studies in the Cook islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea and Samoa suggest not diverse cultural constructions of 'natural facts' but processes of knowledge exchange and at best a respectful reciprocity in confronting present challenges and disturbing future scenarios. 'Home-grown' Pacific discourses and ways of living emphasise the interconnections of all life on earth and in our cosmos, they do not differentiate between the natural and the moral, between environmental and cultural transformations. These studies evoke the creative agency of Oceanic peoples, too often seen as on the vanguard of victimhood in global representations of climate change, and offer distinctive visions for all humanity in these troubling times.
Although commercial activity is frequent in the Farce, little work has been done on the economic elements of this bourgeois genre. This study uses a knowledge of medieval and renaissance money and monetary systems for a clearer understanding of these plays, and investigates the thematic importance of economic exchange for both the mercantile and the conjugal farces. The cultural significance of the ritual words, gestures, and gifts frequently used in the scene of exchange has long been overlooked, hindering interpretation of plays dealing with mercantile trickery and amorous bargaining.
The Second International Conference on Hybrid Learning was organized by the School of Continuing and Professional Studies of The Chinese University of Hong Kong and University of Macau in August 2009. ICHL 2009 was an inventive experience for the Hong Kong and Macau tertiary higher education. The conference aims to provide a good platform for knowledge exchange on hybrid learning by focusing on student centered education. The technique is to supplement traditional classroom learning with eLearning. The slogan is "Education leads eLearning," not vice versa. The me- odology is that at least 30% of learning activities are done by eLearning. The outcome is for students to learn at any time at any place. eLearning can increase students' lea- ing productivity and reduce teachers' administration workload alike. It is a new culture for students, teachers and school administrators to adopt in the twenty-first century. The conference obtained sponsorship from Pei Hua Education Foundation Limited, City University of Hong Kong, ACM Hong Kong Section, and Hong Kong Computer Society. Hybrid learning originated from North America in 2000, and is an ongoing trend. It is not merely a simple combination of direct teaching and eLearning. It encompasses different learning strategies and important elements for teaching and learning. It - phasizes outcome-based teaching and learning, and provides an environment for knowledge learning. Students are given more opportunities to be active learners and practice practical skills such as communication, collaboration, critical thinking, cr- tivity, self-management, self-study, problem solving, analysis and numeracy.